The scope of the present study has been the analysis of the main psychological approaches used during a first dental
visit of a child to gain the necessary collaboration, focusing on the influence of parental presence during the visit.
was conducted on a group of 200 children divided into two sub-groups. In Group I the child was seen without the parent's presence and
in Group II the parent was present throughout the visit. Assessment of behaviour was by a simple 'co-operative' or 'non-cooperative' in
achieving a dental examination and prophylaxis. Statistical analysis was made by and Fisher's exact test.
Group I (parent out) 89 of children were fully co-operative compared with 63% in Group II (parent present) which was
significantly different ( 18.503, p<0.001). In addition 8 of children in Group II failed to return for any further dental care compared with 1 in Group I, which was also significantly different (Fisher's exact test p=0.1231).
Parental presence affects a child's behaviour on an initial dental visit, which is better when the parent is excluded.
Vol.4 – n.4/2003
Harvard: G. Marzo, V. Campanella, F. Albani, G. Gallusi (2003) "Psychological aspects in paediatric dentistry: parental presence", European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 4(4), pp177-180. doi:
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