This study aims at ascertaining the capacity of 2 groups of young athletes to be faithful to the initial oral prevention
project, with the difference that the study group received motivational reminders by either researchers and technical staff members of
the team during the observation period, while the control group did not receive any motivational reminders. MATERIALS AND
This observational study was based on two groups selected from a wide group of 150 adolescent basketball players who
accepted to use a custom-made mouth guard during their sport sessions. None of the selected athletes (60 adolescents aged between
12 and 15 years) had ever worn a mouth guard during their sports activity. A customised mouth guard was supplied, and subjetcs were
requested to wear it for 12 months during training sessions and competitions. The study group was composed of 30 athletes, 15 males
and 15 females, who received a constant motivational reinforcement to the use of the mouth guard by their coach and during checkups.
Similarly, the control group was composed of 30 athletes (15 males and 15 females) who did not receive any motivational
Twelve months after the beginning of the study, 24 subjects belonging to the control group were not using
the mouth guard, while only 7 subjects of the study group were not using it. It was also noticed, six months after the beginning of the
observation period, a rapid decline in the participants' interest in the use of the mouth guard.
No traumatic event was
registered among those adolescents who had used the mouth guard for the whole period of the study. Female athletes showed greater
compliance to this prevention project. It is important that all technical staff members, and particularly the leading coach, encourage the
regular use of oral protection devices for prevention among teenagers practicing sports.
Vol.15 – n.4/2014
Harvard: E. Spinas, M. Aresu, L. Giannetti (2014) "Use of mouth guard in basketball: observational study of a group of teenagers with and without motivational reinforcement", European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 15(4), pp392-396. doi: https://www.ejpd.eu/pdf/EJPD_2014_4_11.pdf
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