To evaluate the presence and status of retained DM2 without permanent successors in relation to age.
Preservation of retained deciduous second molars (DM2) can be applied to treat congenital absence of second premolars (PM2). However, the consequences of caries and progressing root resorption or infraocclusion may affect their survival.
Panoramic radiographs of individuals >10 years of age with agenesis of at least one PM2 were evaluated and divided into three groups according to age. The presence and location of retained DM2, caries/restorations, infraocclusion and root resorption were investigated.
A total of 131 subjects with PM2 agenesis were included (mean age: 13 years 11 months). The majority were missing one or two PM2. In total, 174 retained DM2 were present (33%), and their incidence was higher in the younger age groups. Caries/restorations were found in 88 (50.6%) and infraocclusion in 21 (12%) retained DM2. The roots were resorbed mostly for ½ of the root length (35%).
Long-term prognosis of retained DM2 without permanent successors seems uncertain, especially within the younger age group. In individuals older than 17 years, the prognosis for a healthy DM2 is favorable, if no distinct infraocclusion or extensive root resorption is present.
Vol.24 – n.4/2023
Harvard: M. Bilinska, M. Zadurska, E. Czochrowska (2023) "Status of retained deciduous second molars in subjects with agenesis of second premolars in relation to age", European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 24(4), pp262-266. doi: 10.23804/ejpd.2023.1654
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