Different experimental approaches have demonstrated that children with sleep breathing disorders (SBD) exhibit neurocognitive and behavioural impairment. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aims to quantify neurocognitive deficit disorders in mouth breathing paediatric patients by summarising relevant case-controls studies. Neurocognitive assessment was undertaken with WISC.
A search strategy was developed on electronic databases including Medline (Pubmed), Scopus, Scileo; Cochrane library from 2000 to June 2022 for published studies
analysing neurocognitive skills in children with SBD compared to healthy control groups. The review was performed according to the PRISMA protocol and articles were selected according to the established inclusion and exclusion criteria. The Weighted Mean Differences (95% Confidence Intervals) were calculated between results obtained in WISC tests in SBD patients and healthy subjects.
The search retrieved a total of 630 articles. Fifteen studies were included in the qualitative and quantitative analysis. Results from the meta-analysis showed that subjects with SBD performed worse in many of the cognitive domains investigated by the WISC test.
Our results confirmed that SBD affected children performed worse than healthy children in terms of quite all the cognitive domains investigated.
Harvard: D. Fantozzi, T. Doldo, C. Luzi, S. Grandini, C. Marruganti (2023) "Neurocognitive abilities in children affected by sleep breathing disorders. A systematic review and meta-analysis of case control-studies", European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, (), pp1-. doi: 10.23804/ejpd.2023.1818
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