BACKGROUND: Fractures represent a particular kind of pathology in children, as they take place within a rapidly
growing organism. Condylar fractures must be focused upon not only as a cause of direct damage to the bone structure, but
also with regards to future disorders in the dentofacial development, skeletal deformities and articular dysfunctions. The
treatment aims at restoring function, occlusion, and symmetry. Aim of this paper is to emphasise, through the description of a
case report, the need for correct diagnosis and the importance of a functional treatment by means of early muscle activation,
in order to prevent any consequences on facial development. CASE REPORT: A case of a 9.6-year-old female with
monocondylar and intracapsular fracture following a car accident is described. In accordance with the literature, the patient
did not undergo surgical treatment, but followed a functional orthodontic protocol. The significant symptoms reduction and
the rapid improvement of mandibular functions confirm the excellent healing potential in paediatric age, while the X-ray
evaluations 1 year and 3.7 years later testify the condylar reshaping. Since the latter can continue over many years, the
clinical and radiological follow-ups of the patient will have to cover the entire growth period.
Vol.10 – n.2/2009
Harvard: R. Cucurullo, I. Giannuzzi, A. Clivio, R. Biagi (2009) "Management of unilateral condylar fracture in a 9.6-year-old female", European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 10(2), pp95-101. doi:
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