This was to investigate what coping strategies are used by children, the efficacy of these strategies and the influences
of age, gender, dental anxiety, pain experience and childhood caries prevalence place of residence upon the efficacy of the
coping strategies used by Dutch NL children in The Netherlands and Northern Ireland NI.
Convenience samples of Dutch and NI children were taken and asked to fill out a coping questionnaire Dental Cope
Questionnaire and an anxiety schedule CFSS-DS. Data were entered onto a SPSS database and subjected to
frequency distributions, Chi-square analysis, t-tests and analysis of variance.
The children used a wide variety of coping
strategies in dealing with pain in dentistry. The most frequently used and those reported to have the greatest efficacy by the children in
this investigation were cognitively based strategies. Different strategies were used in relation to place of residence, age and level of
dental anxiety. The variance in the number of strategies used was significantly explained by the experienced pain during dental
treatment. The efficacy of the coping strategies used was significantly explained by level of dental anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: Dental
coping strategies used by children seem to vary with age, dental anxiety and pain experience. This information can help dental
practitioners to adjust his or her treatment to the child�s emotional needs.
Vol.6 – n.4/2005
Harvard: P. Van Meurs, K. E. Howard, J. Versloot, J. S. Veerkamp, R. Freeman (2005) "Child coping strategies, dental anxiety and dental treatment: the influence of age, gender and childhood caries prevalence", European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 6(4), pp173-178. doi:
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