(1) to evaluate the applicability of using 3D digital models in the assessment of Class II Division 1 (Cl II-1) and Class II
Division 2 (Cl II-2) malocclusion in a Syrian sample, (2) to detect any significant differences between the two groups in tooth and arch
widths, anterior (ABR) and overall Bolton ratios, PAR Index, and (3) to detect any gender differences in these variables. MATERIALS
Design and setting: observational, cross-sectional study for descriptive and analytical purposes at the Orthodontic
Dept., University of Al-Baath Hamah Dental School, Hamah, Syria. Participants: A disproportionate multi-stratified random sampling was
employed to select 36 Cl II-1 and 36 Cl II-2 patients (female-to-male ratio was 1:1 in each group). 3D digital models (O3DM) with a
dedicated programme were used to measure dental arch variables.
Significant differences were observed between the two
groups in the mesiodistal widths of some teeth but not in the dental arch widths. The prevalence of 'discrepancy cases' in Anterior
Bolton Ratios (ABRs) was 33.33 and 41.67 in Cl II1 and Cl II2 groups, respectively. The mean PAR Index score was
25.36 and 20.82 for Cl II1 and Cl II2 groups, respectively (p=0.009). CONCLUSIONS: (1) 3D digital models enabled fast, accurate and
reliable measurements of dental arch characteristics in patients with Class II malocclusion. (2) Insignificant differences between Cl II1
and Cl II2 patients were observed regarding Bolton's ratios and transverse arch measurements. (3) Sexual dimorphism was observed in
mesiodistal tooth widths and in dental arch widths, but not in Bolton's ratios and PAR Index scores.
Vol.15 – n.2/2014
Harvard: M. Y. Hajeer (2014) "Assessment of dental arches in patients with Class II division 1 and division 2 malocclusions using 3D digital models in a Syrian sample", European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 15(2), pp151-157. doi:
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