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OSAS in developing age: Screening of a Southern Italy population

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  /1/2019

Authors:  S. Paduano, F.P. Paduano*, D. Aiello, L. Barbara, S. Zampogna**, R. Pujia, C. Malara, T. Cantile***, G.F. Ferrazzano***-****

Language:  English

Institution:  Department of Health Science, University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, Viale Europa, Loc. Germaneto, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy. *Humanitas University, Milan, Italy. **”Pugliese-Ciaccio” Hospital, Catanzaro, Italy. ***School of Paediatric Dentistry, Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Oral Sciences, University of Naples “Federico II”; Via Pansini 5, 80131, Naples, Italy. ****Unesco Chair in "Health Education and Sustainable Development: Oral Health in Paediatric age", University of Naples "Federico II",Naples, Italy

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Children; Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome; Paediatric sleep questionnaire; Prevalence.

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Title:  OSAS in developing age: Screening of a Southern Italy population

Abstract:  Aim The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of OSAS’ risk in children of the province of Catanzaro, Italy. Materials and Methods A sample of 2445 scoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years of the province of Catanzaro (Italy) were administered the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaires (PSQs) in its validated Italian version. A total of 1772 questionnaires were collected; however, 130 of them were excluded, and 1642 questionnaires were accepted and scored. Results According to final scores of questionnaires, 172 children (10.47%) were considered at risk for OSAS. No statistically significant association between sex and risk of OSAS was found (p = 0.189). The risk of OSAS was equally distributed in all ages (p = 0.984). It was found that the most common habits in children with risk of OSAS were: snoring, heavy or noisy breathing, oral breathing, xerostomia, difficulty waking up in the morning, behavioural disturbances during the day and excess weight. Conclusion The study showed a high risk of OSAS, suggesting the importance of first-level screening and the need to pay special attention to the diagnosis of this syndrome.

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