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The prevalence and aetiology of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation in a group of children in Istanbul

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  /3/2008


Language:  English

Institution:  Dept. of Paediatric Dentistry, Dental School, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Hypomineralisation; Molars; Incisors; MIH; Prevalence.

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Email:  [email protected]

Title:  The prevalence and aetiology of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation in a group of children in Istanbul

Abstract:  Aim To our knowledge, the prevalence and aetiology of molar-incisor hypomineralisation has not been discussed nor investigated in Turkish children in Istanbul. Therefore the aim of the present study is to investigate the prevalence and aetiology of MIH in a group of children in Istanbul. Design Between April and July 2007, a retrospective clinical study was initiated at the Dept. of Paediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey. A total of 147 children aged 7-9 years visiting our clinic were examined by two calibrated paediatric dentists (kappa: 0.89). The examiners used the criteria for the diagnosis of demarcated opacities, post-eruption breakdown, atypical restorations, and extracted PFMs due to MIH developed by Weerheijm et al. Results In the present study, prevalence of MIH was 14.9%. Of the 22 children affected with MIH, 17 (77.2%) had only demarcated opacities, but no breakdown or atypical restorations. Regarding diseases in the first 3 years of life, 55% of MIH and 19.4% of non-MIH children had a disease history. 27% of MIH children had suffered from upper and lower respiratory tract infections including bronchitis. This was significantly different from non-MIH children (p<0.001). Conclusion MIH was common among a group of 7-9 years old children, Istanbul.

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European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry | ISSN (Online): 2035-648X |
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