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Zinc oxide-eugenol and calcium hydroxide pulpectomies in baboon primary molars: histological responses

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  /3/2004

Authors:  P. Cleaton-Jones*, M. Duggal***, R. Parak*, S. Williams*, S. Setzer**

Language:  English

Institution:  *Medical Research Council/University of the Witwatersrand Dental Research Institute **Division of Restorative Dentistry, School of Oral Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa ***Division of Child Dental Health, Leeds Dental Institute, Leeds, United Kingdom

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Baboon, Primary tooth, Pulpectomy

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Email:  [email protected]

Title:  Zinc oxide-eugenol and calcium hydroxide pulpectomies in baboon primary molars: histological responses

Abstract:  Aim To compare histological responses to zinc oxide-eugenol (ZOE) and calcium hydroxide (CH) pulpectomies in primary molar teeth with inflamed pulps. Study design This was an experimental study in 17 juvenile baboons (Papio ursinus). Methods Pulpitis was induced with fresh human carious dentine or Streptococcus mutans placed into occlusal cavities in 78 primary molars; after 14 days a pulpectomy was performed on the same primary molars with the two root fillings randomly allocated. The root canal openings were then covered with IRM and the cavity filled with amalgam. After 90 days specimens were harvested and examined under the light microscope with the examiner blind to the treatment. Results Reaction frequencies in the ZOE-treated versus CH-treated teeth were: no recognisable pulp 89% and 82%, internal root resorption 0% and 1%, external root resorption 11% and 24%, presence of bacteria 5% and 18%, periapical abscesses 24% and 52%. Statistics Fisher’s exact probability test showed a statistically significant higher prevalence of periapical abscesses in the CH-treated group (P=0.03, relative risk 2.2). Conclusions ZOE pulpectomy is preferred to CH for the treatment of infected pulps in primary molars.

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